Golgi apparatus

The Planarian Anatomoy Ontology (PLANA) is a collection of terms curated from the literature and other organism anatomy ontologies to describe anatomical features, life cycle stages and developmental processes in the regenerative flatworm Schmidtea mediterranea. The latest version of the PLANA Ontology is available through the Open Biological and Biomedical Ontology Foundry (OBO) . PLANA Ontology terms are searchable at the EMBL-EBI Ontology Lookup Service (OLS) and the PLANA Ontology Terms Page.

The Overview Section is populated with infomration from the OLS.




Planarian Anatomy Ontology Term Overview


NAME:

  Golgi apparatus


DEFINITON:

  A compound membranous cytoplasmic organelle of eukaryotic cells, consisting of flattened, ribosome-free vesicles arranged in a more or less regular stack. The Golgi apparatus differs from the endoplasmic reticulum in often having slightly thicker membranes, appearing in sections as a characteristic shallow semicircle so that the convex side (cis or entry face) abuts the endoplasmic reticulum, secretory vesicles emerging from the concave side (trans or exit face). In vertebrate cells there is usually one such organelle, while in invertebrates and plants, where they are known usually as dictyosomes, there may be several scattered in the cytoplasm. The Golgi apparatus processes proteins produced on the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum; such processing includes modification of the core oligosaccharides of glycoproteins, and the sorting and packaging of proteins for transport to a variety of cellular locations. Three different regions of the Golgi are now recognized both in terms of structure and function: cis, in the vicinity of the cis face, trans, in the vicinity of the trans face, and medial, lying between the cis and trans regions.


TERM CITATIONS:

  

TERM ID:

  PLANA:0000528


ABOUT THIS TERM:

  Golgi apparatus "is a" intracellular membrane-bounded organelle and membrane-bounded organelle


BROWSE ONTOLOGY TREE (IN OLS):

Click on the '-' and '+' to collapse and expand term 'is a' and 'part of' relationships.


Planarian Anatomy Ontology


EXPLORE ONTOLOGY GRAPH:


Dynamically explore this term by selecting additional relationships to display ( checkboxes on the right ) and by expanding nodes by double clicking on a node. Single click on a node to display the definition below.